In the Mudug region of central Somalia, where Yme has worked with the partners NorSom and GSA since 2006, the situation is now very dramatic. Mudug have always had a water problem, but now nears the 2011 conditions where drought killed thousands of animals and humans. The severe water shortage is resulting in low food, lost productivity, disease outbreaks and local conflicts.
The rain did not materialize
When the rainy season in 2014 came too late and lasted all too short, it resulted in a water crisis for both people and animals. The main Income in the Mudug region is livestock, and with little access to water and grass, animals are now in poor condition, develop diseases and, at worst, die. To move the herds to other areas for water and pasture also poses a major security risk in Somalia. It is estimated that up to 40 percent of the livestock in this area will die of a prolonged drought. Sheep and cows suffer more than goats and camels.
Due to lack of boreholes and long distances to water sources, our partner in the field see that many fetch water from unprotected water sources. Some of the boreholes are not used because of the high salin content in the water.
Hygiene and sanitation
Hygiene and sanitation are also almost non-existent. In many villages there are no latrines. Feces pollute water sources and lead to diarrhea. The Jerry cans being used to carry water are not cleaned and helps to spread the infection. Information and training on hygiene and construction of latrines can prevent a lot of diseases that are killing the youngest and most vulnerable.
80 percent of the villages have no health care. They have not even a nurse. Our local team observes that diarrhea and malaria are the major health challenges. But there is no help available. No medicine, no doctors.
The level of education in this region of Somalia constitutes the lowest in the whole of Somalia. 44 percent of boys and 55 percent of girls over 15 years say they can read. Many villages do not even have access to the school in their area.